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Jafari A, Jafari A A. American strategists and the formation of religious wars in the Middle East. پژوهشهاي سياسي جهان اسلام. 2020; 10 (2) :85-110
URL: http://priw.ir/article-1-1042-en.html
1- Master of International Relations, University of Mazandaran, Mazandaran, Iran.
2- Associate Professor, Department of International Relations, University of Mazandaran, Mazandaran, Iran. (Author) , A.jafari@umz.ac.ir
Abstract:   (146 Views)
In recent decades, the United States has been trying to expand its influence and interventions in various parts of the world, especially the Middle East. Therefore, the Middle East has always been of American interest due to its geopolitical and geostrategic importance. Using its centers of study and strategists, it architectures the geometry of power in the region in line with its foreign strategies and policies. Nowadays phenomena such as Islamophobia, arms race, ethnic and religious conflicts, sectarianism, disintegration, undermining resistance to traditional goals (vital US interests, maintaining Israeli security, ensuring free energy flow) Has caused instability in the Middle East. So, in light of this fact, in the explanatory-analytical way, we seek to answer the question of how and to what extent American strategists have been instrumental in constructing religious wars in the Middle East. Accordingly, our hypothesis is that American strategists in think tanks and theories through theorizing and reflecting on US statesmen and political elites, along with presenting how they execute, delineate models and strategies, Religious wars have been instrumental in the Middle East. The scientific findings of the present study indicate that the strengthening of these extremist currents has been an important catalyst for the religious wars in the region that have led to sectarianism, deterrence from Israel and Islamophobia. US strategists appear to be playing a role in creating widespread instability and reviving the thirty-year European wars in the Middle East.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2020/03/15 | Accepted: 2020/05/25 | Published: 2020/06/22

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