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montazeri A, baseri B, faghihhabibi A, behnia M. Investigating the Relationship between Cultural Diversity in Iran and Human Rights. پژوهشهاي سياسي جهان اسلام 2019; 9 (4) :189-225
URL: http://priw.ir/article-1-1016-en.html
1- PhD Student in Public Law, Islamic Azad University, South Tehran Branch, Tehran, Iran
2- Assistant Professor, Department of Public Law, Faculty of Law and Humanities, Islamic Azad University, Shiraz Branch, Iran.
3- Associate Professor, Department of Law, Faculty of Law and Political Science, Islamic Azad University, South Tehran Branch, Tehran, Iran.
4- Assistant Professor, Department of Public Law, Faculty of Law and Humanities, Islamic Azad University, Buin Zahra Branch, Iran.
Abstract:   (3460 Views)
Iran is a multicultural country and ethnic and linguistic diversity is one of its key features. The model of the nation in this country is mixed and unbalanced; Thus, a large part of the nation, which has a majority in one or more common features and characteristics, constitutes the general assembly of the Iranian nation, and a smaller part of the nation, due to having one or more characteristics, is not completely identical with the majority of the nation. Minorities are considered smaller parts of the Iranian nation. Historical and political developments in Iran's political geography are always analyzed and evaluated according to the multifaceted function of ethnic groups in the course of power equations, so that the mosaic image of ethnic groups in this political geography throughout history shows a cycle of opportunity-threat against Iran's national interests. In the age of so-called globalization, in which, according to Marshall McLuhan, the world is portrayed in the style of a global village, countries with the characteristics of Iran's political system face ethnic problems and crises due to ethnic diversity. The existence of different ethnic groups in Iran, the most important feature of which is their indigenousness, as well as the central government's efforts over the past century to create a single state or nation, raises the question of how different ethnic groups with different religions come to Iran as a result of centralist policies. And they feel a sense of belonging to their national identity. There is a distinction between Iranian ethnic groups in terms of the two main elements of religion and language, and it divides them into several categories. A large part of the Kurdish-speaking population in western Iran and the Baluchis follow the Sunni religion, which is different from the official religion of the country. At the same time, Turks, Lors, and a large part of the Arabs belong linguistically to a linguistic field different from the official language of the country, which is Persian; But from a religious point of view, considering that they follow the Shiite religion, they do not differ from the official religion of the country. Although ethnic and cultural diversity for a country like Iran can provide good opportunities for the country's development, it can also be one of the important sources of insecurity and security threats; In particular, the political geography of Iranian ethnic groups, such as the demarcation of most racial and religious minorities, and the cultural divisions between them, can lead to greed and incitement of colonial countries, and the seditionist presence of foreigners in ethnic riots and religious disputes, and so on.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2019/11/29 | Accepted: 2020/02/12 | Published: 2019/12/31

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