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keshavarzinia A, kalhor M, frozesh S. The impact of the Palestinian issue on the political relations between Iran and Israel during the years 1327-1397. پژوهشهاي سياسي جهان اسلام 2019; 9 (4) :255-281
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1- PhD student in Islamic history. Islamic Azad university. science and research Branch. Tehran. iran
2- Assistant Professor of History. Islamic Azad university. Imam Khomeini Memorial Unit in Rey. Tehran. Iran (Corresponding Author)
3- Assistant Professor of History Department. Islamic Azad university. science and research Branch. Tehran. iran
Abstract:   (4026 Views)
Foreign policy is a set of policies, measures, methods, and choices of positions that a government takes in dealing with foreign affairs within the general goals of the political system. In other words, foreign policy reflects the goals and policies of a government in international relations and In relation to other states, international societies and organizations are movements, aliens, and world events. The land of Palestine has a special place among the Muslim people of Iran in terms of religious characteristics. The history of Iran-Israel relations has seen many ups and downs, and since the exercise of Israeli sovereignty over the Palestinian territories, relations between the two countries have varied in varying degrees from cooperation to conflict. In the Pahlavi era, despite the opposition of public opinion and the Arab countries of the region, sometimes these relations existed secretly and openly and lasted for years. These relations begin with the "de facto" recognition of Israel by the then Iranian government, in which two political forces acted: 1. The group opposing Iran-Israel relations and its recognition, which includes popular opposition, scholars and clerics, and a group of members. It became independent within the government. 2. The Pahlavi government, which, with the help and influence of world powers and a powerful Jewish lobby, was keen to establish and expand relations with Israel. There is no doubt that one of the main slogans of Imam Khomeini's movement was the defense of the oppressed, the issue of Palestine and the protection of the Palestinians and enmity with the Zionist regime and its aggression, was at the forefront of this goal, It was based on the Islamic beliefs of the people. Therefore, supporting the Palestinian people is only defending an Islamic land, but also preventing the spread of Israeli threats and protecting Iran's national interests. If the intifada wins and the rights of the Palestinian people are realized, it can be said that the grounds for expansionism and threats of the Israeli government Reduced and the possibility of restoring regional order with the participation of the Islamic State is provided. The main question used in this research is what is the impact of the Palestinian issue on the political relations between Iran and Israel? The method of this research is descriptive-analytical and the use of library tools.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2019/11/25 | Accepted: 2020/02/13 | Published: 2020/03/21

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