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Investigating the Role of Colonialism in the Formation of the Boko Haram Group from the Perspective of Tdrabrtgr’s Relative Deprivation Theory . پژوهشهاي سياسي جهان اسلام. 2018; 7 (4) :1-31
URL: http://priw.ir/article-1-446-en.html
Abstract:   (230 Views)
Nigeria was introduced as the most populous country on the African continent in 2016 by GIT due to the emergence of Boko Haram group since 2002. In addition, the geographical and strategic location and its role in political, economic and cultural fields at the regional and international levels have given it an important position. The terrorist attacks of the Boko Haram terrorist group since 2002 have made  Nigeria  the third largest country with the most terrorist attacks in  Global Terrorism Index (GTI) report. It is noteworthy that Boko Haram's operational targets have been mostly civilians, and this has been a source of concern at the local and international levels. In 2014, Boko Haram semi-militant group was declared to be the most deadliest terrorist group in the world by institute of Peace and Economic Sciences. There are various opinions aon the formation ofthis group; for example, many analysts believe that there is a serious relationship between terrorist acts and the level of dissatisfaction and inequality in undeveloped societies. Muslims in Nigeria have had a long history and had  the Islamic government of SOKOTO in northern regions of Nigeria about 100 years, but the British colonial government ended its rule by colonization of Nigeria in 1900 through 1903. After the independence, the ruling government of Nigeria has been a secular state whose most egulations were derived from British ones. It seems that the discontent of Muslims and (extremist groups of Boko Haram) is rooted in discriminatory condition and Muslims' deprivation. The main purpose of this study is to investigate the reasons of Boko Haram emergence and the main motives of its  violation. This research seeks the role of colonialism in creating relative deprivation due to the difference in expectations of value and valuable capabilities in the Islamic community in Nigeria through a descriptive-analitic research method and Relative Deprivation theory.
 
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2017/10/10 | Accepted: 2018/01/5 | Published: 2018/09/11

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