XML Persian Abstract Print

irib , drdarabi_ali@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (4468 Views)
As political developments in Iraq and Syria has occurred from the end of 2010, some movements has started in the Arab world and North Africa which has caused the revolution in some countries such as Tunisia, Egypt, Yemen, and Libya and in others countries like Bahrain, Saudi Arabia, and Yemen it is still ongoing. In the formation of these Correlated and sequential developments, experts and analysts have identified several factors, including: the role of modern virtual and communicative media, moving these societies towards the process of globalization, social-class gaps in the Arab countries, despotism and neopotrimonialism governing on the Arab world, initiating the trend of democracy in the region, the rise of Islamic Awakening movment of dissatisfied people with the countries from the marginalization of religion and violation of their religious rights by the government, and the inadequacy of established political systems in their countries. One of the common points of these movements in their formation is the role of new electronic and communicative media, namely satellite and virtual environments such as social networks, phone messages and the like. In the light of new media and social networks, according to Castells, horizontal communication takes place between different sectors of society. "Power flows" surpass on "the flows of power" and citizens by using virtual social networks can destroy media monopolies. Although these new media can not be considered as the main reasons of revolution, it is obvious that they are known as the crucial factors in the occurance of the revolutions.Virtual media and social networks introduced themselves as a powerful alternative for other media in the triple relation of audience, media, and society, the power that is increasing continiously. Investigating the Islamic awakening procedure in Tunisia and the revolution occurred in this country shows that how a young Egyptian protester and protesting revolutionaries were able to take advantage of social networks to end the 23-year-old Ben Ali’s government in less than two months and establish self-immolation school on Facebook. The movement using social networks was reproduced and published which was the beginning of the revolutions that was called the "Wiki revolution"," "Facebook Revolution", "Twitter Revolution", "online Revolution", "Media Revolution", and " laptop Revolution". The present study aims to explore the role of modern communications media in the revolutions in Tunisia and utilizes descriptive-analytic method with collecting data through library resources.
Full-Text [PDF 748 kb]   (3916 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2016/04/5 | Accepted: 2016/07/3 | Published: 2017/09/10

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.