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Esmali Sangari M H, Tavakoli M. Areas of Iran / Turkey Cooperation and Conflict in West Asia in the Shadow of Russia's Middle East Policy. پژوهشهاي سياسي جهان اسلام 2021; 11 (3) :55-76
URL: http://priw.ir/article-1-1491-en.html
1- Assistant Professor, Department of Political Science, University of Guilan, Guilan, Iran. (responsible Author) , sangariam2004@yahoo.com
2- Master of International Relations, University of Gilan, Gilan, Iran
Abstract:   (1923 Views)
The nature of power relations in the Middle East depends on understanding the relations of the main actors who have sought to establish and control regional and international hegemony. The type of action and policy of Russia as the most effective major player in the issues and crises of West Asia, especially in the Syrian crisis and its aftershocks, is necessary. In this regard, the type of Russian politics is questionable. The key questions in this regard are: What is Russia's Middle East policy towards Iran / Turkey as the main regional actors? And how has Putin been able to bring Turkey into its balanced diplomacy alongside Iran? The present study tests the answer in the form of a hypothesis that Putin, in line with his need for Russian Middle East policy to strike a balance of power between key regional actors, especially Iran / Turkey, by establishing cooperation while restricting the independence of Turkey / Iran strategic action. And balances it with bilateral and trilateral cooperation and agreements. The findings of the article show that, first of all, in the issues of West Asia, especially in the margins of the Syrian crisis, Putin's role and strategy have been the most effective and fundamental strategy. Secondly, in Russia's Middle East policy, the policy of balance of power among the main actors in the region is significant and effective. The present study has been written qualitatively and with an explanatory-analytical method by collecting information through documents.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2021/04/10 | Accepted: 2021/06/19 | Published: 2021/09/23

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