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Oliaei M, Ghafari Hashjin Z, keshavarzshokri A. Saudi Arabia’s Soft Power and Its aftermath on Islamic Republic of Iran. پژوهشهاي سياسي جهان اسلام. 2021; 11 (2) :127-153
URL: http://priw.ir/article-1-1500-en.html
1- PhD student in Political Studies of the Islamic Revolution Shahed University, Tehran, Iran.
2- Professor, Department of Political Science, Shahed University, Tehran, Iran. (responsible Author) , z_ghafari@yahoo.com
3- Associate Professor, Department of Political Science, Shahed University, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (1203 Views)
Background and Aim: After the Islamic Revolution, Iran-Saudi Arabia relations have changed from strategic allies to strategic rivals. Political scientists have often considered the difficult aspects of this competition. But after presenting the concept of soft power in academic forums, it is essential that analysts seek to identify Saudi soft power threats against Iran. Therefore, the purpose of this article is to analyze the consequences of Saudi soft power for Iran.
Necessity and Question: This study negatively analyzes the threats of Saudi soft power and positively prepares the ground for the implementation of the strategy against the consequences. So the question is, what are the consequences of Saudi Arabia's soft power for the Islamic Republic of Iran?
Hypothesis and Method: Using a qualitative method and in the form of a documentary analysis method, the authors hypothesize that the sources of Saudi soft power in the three economic, political and cultural spheres are far from the criteria of soft power and are more rigid.
Achievements: Economic resources of Saudi soft power (oil as a tool and source) (1) Use of oil tools to create internal pressure and reduce external influence of the Islamic Republic of Iran (2) Provide the necessary resources to strengthen the Salafi and Takfiri current in the region In the political sphere, the sources of Al Saud's soft power (assuming the role of Umm al-Qura for itself and maintaining the monarchy), (1) seeks to weaken Iran's allies in the region, and (2) divides Shiites and Sunnis within the country. In the area of ​​Saudi cultural resources (Wahhabism and cultural diplomacy) (1) it causes media attacks against Iran in the region and (2) promotes Wahhabism.
Findings and Innovation: The research conducted on the subject of soft power of Saudi Arabia was not mainly related to the Islamic Republic of Iran and did not include the component of economic resources. Therefore, a theoretical assessment of the consequences of Saudi soft power against Iran in this study indicates That they are hard in nature rather than soft in nature. Therefore, they do not have the necessary efficiency.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2021/02/16 | Accepted: 2021/05/11 | Published: 2021/06/22

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