Volume 11, Issue 2 (6-2021)                   پژوهشهاي سياسي جهان اسلام 2021, 11(2): 0-0 | Back to browse issues page

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Oliaei M, Ghafari Hashjin Z. Saudi Arabia’s Soft Power and Its aftermath on Islamic Republic of Iran. پژوهشهاي سياسي جهان اسلام. 2021; 11 (2)
URL: http://priw.ir/article-1-1500-en.html
1- Shahed University
2- Shahed University , z_ghafari@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (866 Views)
Background and Aim: After the Islamic Revolution, Iran-Saudi Arabia relations have changed from strategic allies to strategic rivals. Political scientists have often considered the hard aspects of this competition. But after presenting the concept of soft power in academic forums, it is essential that analysts seek to identify Saudichr('39')s  soft power threats against Iran. Therefore, the purpose of this article is to analyze the consequences of Saudichr('39')s soft power for Iran.
Necessity and Question: This study analyzes the threats of Saudichr('39')s soft power and positively prepares the ground for the implementation of the strategy against the consequences. So the question is, what are the consequences of Saudi Arabiachr('39')s soft power for the Islamic Republic of Iran?
Hypothesis and method: The authors use the qualitative method to hypothesize that the sources of Saudichr('39')s soft power in the three economic, political and cultural spheres are far from the criteria of soft power and remain more like hard to power.
Achievements: The economic resources of Saudi Arabiachr('39')s soft power (oil and its derivatives) (1) increase the pressure of sanctions on Iran by increasing oil production, and (2) provide financial resources to extremists and Salafis to increase the cost of counter-terrorism. In the political sphere, the sources of soft power of Al-Saud (recognizing the role of Umm al-Qura for itself and maintaining the monarchy), (1) try to weaken Iranchr('39')s allies in the region and (2) divide Shiites and Sunnis inside the Iran. In the sphere of ​​Saudichr('39')s cultural resources (Wahhabism and cultural diplomacy) (1) it causes propaganda against Iran in the region and (2) promotes Wahhabism.
Findings and Innovation: A theoretical assessment of the consequences of Saudichr('39')s soft power against Iran suggests that they are hard rather than soft in nature. Therefore, they do not have the necessary efficiency.
     
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2021/05/28 | Accepted: 2021/10/13 | Published: 2021/06/22

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